Oliver Cromwell – What circumstances lead to the Civil War?

Oliver Cromwell

Charles I inherited the Crown in 1625 and like many of his predecessors had treated Parliament as a second class power.

One of his first actions as King was to dissolve Parliament when it refused to vote him money.

In 1628 he was forced to accept Parliament`s Statement of Civil Rights in return for finances, but dissolved it again a year later embarking on Total Monarchy Rule.

This uneasy situation went on for many years. Charles made peace with former adversaries and generally made advances to return to the Papal Catholic Rule of Rome. This was viewed as a backward step for the English Protestant Movement. The whole Reformation of England that had been officialised by Henry VIII in 1529 was in danger of disappearing overnight.

The Forces of the Royalists called the Cavaliers, and the Forces of the Parliamentarians, called the Roundheads became more defined. The scene was set for Civil War.

England for many bitter years resisted outright confrontation with itself as politicians engaged in vigorous diplomatic negotiations. In 1642 England’s affairs were in a desperate state, Charles summoned the Short Parliament but the Ministers would not grant money to the King. He dissolved it summoning the Long Parliament but when he tried to arrest 5 ministers and refused Parliament’s 19 Propositions, the charged detonation of the Civil War occurred, plunging England into outright Civil War.

Question 6: Why did the King have to die? Click to read Oliver’s answer.